Your Rights on Prohibited Firearms in Arizona

Prohibited Firearms in Arizona

Understanding Prohibited Firearm’s in Arizona with regulations that play a crucial role in state governance, and the United States exhibits a diverse landscape of laws and restrictions across its states. 

Arizona, known for its generally favorable climate towards firearm ownership, has specific categories of firearms that are prohibited by law. 

This article discusses the prohibited firearm categories in Arizona, focusing on the legality of firearms in business and school premises. Additionally, it guides on staying well-informed and up-to-date with reliable sources regarding firearm regulations in the state.

Prohibited Firearms in Arizona & Regulations:

Arizona’s firearm laws are rather lax. 

But, It’s important to note that some firearms are still regulated in the state. The following firearms are illegal in Arizona under A.R.S. 13-3101(8):

Fully Automatic Firearms:

Firearms automatically shooting more than one round with a single trigger press without manual reloading are classified as fully automatic firearms. 

These firearms are heavily regulated at the federal level, and ownership requires compliance with specific federal laws and regulations, including the National Firearms Act (NFA) and background checks.

Short-Barreled Rifles:

Rifles with a barrel length of fewer than 16 inches fall under the category of short-barreled rifles and are prohibited in Arizona unless registered in compliance with federal regulations. 

Obtaining federal permits and complying with the NFA requirements are prerequisites for lawful possession of such firearms.

Short-Barreled Shotguns:

Similar to short-barreled rifles, shotguns with a barrel length of less than 18 inches are considered short-barreled shotguns and are generally prohibited in Arizona, except when registered in compliance with federal regulations. 

As with short-barreled rifles, individuals must adhere to federal laws and obtain the appropriate permits to possess such firearms legally.

Conversion Devices: 

Any combination of parts specifically intended to convert a device into a prohibited weapon is also prohibited in Arizona. 

Length Requirements: 

Any firearm made from a handgun, rifle or shotgun with an overall length of fewer than 26 inches is prohibited. 

These prohibited categories primarily pertain to specific firearm configurations rather than firearm models or types. 

Arizona law generally permits the ownership and possession of a broad range of firearms, including handguns, rifles, and shotguns, as long as they do not fall into the prohibited categories outlined above.

Prohibited Firearm Categories in Arizona

Firearm Laws and Business Owners Considerations:

Arizona law does not specifically address carrying firearms at the workplace. The absence of specific laws leaves the decision regarding carrying firearms at the workplace to the business owner’s discretion. 

Arizona business owners have to face important decisions regarding firearms on their premises and the civil rights of individuals to carry guns. 

Firearms Prohibition on Business Premises: 

Business owners have the right to prohibit firearms if they choose to do so. However, if a business owner wishes to prohibit firearms, they must comply with the requirements outlined in Arizona Revised Statutes (A.R.S.) 4-229. 

It includes posting a sign that meets specific requirements, indicating the prohibition of firearms on the property.

Open Carry Without a Permit: 

People 18 and older may own or buy a firearm as long as they are not prohibited, possessors. Therefore, If the owner allows, Individuals can openly carry a firearm visible to others at workplaces without a permit.

Creating Private Gun-Free Zones: 

Business owners in Arizona can establish private, gun-free zones within their establishments. It allows them to opt out of the state’s open carry policy and restrict the presence of firearms within their business premises. 

Business owners can mark the area as a gun-free zone to indicate their preference for a firearm-free environment.

A.R.S. 4-229 Outline Summary:

According to the guidelines outlined in A.R.S. 4-229, individuals are prohibited from carrying firearms in the licensed places of an on-sale retailer if the licensee has posted the notice described in subsection A of this section. 

However, it is important to note that A.R.S. §4-229(F) does provide an exception for individuals who possess a handgun. 

Individuals can enter the licensed premises for a short time in an emergency. Furthermore, A.R.S. 4-244(29) authorizes peace officers and members of a sheriff’s volunteer posse to carry firearms on licensed premises while on duty.

In a nutshell, Arizona business owners have the right to decide whether or not to allow firearms on their premises. At the same time, state law permits open carry without a permit. Business owners can establish private, gun-free zones by posting signs that comply with Arizona’s requirements. 

Understanding the relevant gun laws and adhering to firearm prohibition and signage regulations empowers business owners to create an environment that aligns with their preferences and ensures their employees’ and customers’ safety and comfort. 

Arizona Gun Laws and School Safety

Ensuring the safety of students and staff within schools is a top priority for educators, administrators, and lawmakers. 

In Arizona, the relationship between gun laws and school safety measures is a significant aspect of the ongoing efforts to create secure educational environments. Here are the regulations governing firearms in schools, examine the presence of armed personnel, and the implementation of lockdown procedures in Arizona schools.

Arizona’s Gun Laws and School Safety Policies:

Under the Arizona Revised Statutes (A.R.S.) 15-341, school districts in Arizona are mandated to adopt and enforce policies and procedures that prioritize the safety of students and employees. 

These policies encompass various aspects of school safety, including emergency response plans, school resource officers’ presence, and threat assessment teams’ establishment.

Gun-Free Schools Act Compliance:

Arizona law aligns with the minimum requirements set forth by the federal Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA), which prohibits firearms on school campuses.

 However, a recent bill introduced in the Arizona House proposes mandatory training on proper firearm handling for public middle and high school students. 

This bill, if passed, would introduce a notable shift in the state’s approach to firearms in schools.

The Role of Federal Legislation:

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) is a significant federal law that allocates funding for primary and secondary education across the United States. 

One crucial provision within this act is the Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA), reauthorized as Section 4141 of the ESEA by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. The GFSA requires governments and school districts to expel any student who takes a handgun to school for at least one year. 

This policy helps keep students safe from guns in schools. The GFSA enforces strong penalties to prevent school firearm incidents and emphasize student and staff safety.

Understanding ACT 13-3108 and 13-3120:

ACT 13-3108, known as Arizona Senate Bill 1270, Chapter 285 (2013), prohibits the possession of firearms by certain individuals, including convicted felons, those adjudicated as mentally ill, and undocumented immigrants. 

On the other hand, Arizona Revised Statutes § 13-3120 prevents state political subdivisions from enacting ordinances, rules, or taxes related to firearms or ammunition. However, school administrators can enforce policies prohibiting weapons possession on school grounds, except for authorized individuals such as peace officers.

Arizona Gun Safety Laws for K-12 Schools:

Arizona bans firearms at K-12 schools, including school grounds. However, there are very limited exemptions. 

Arizona Revised Statutes § 13-3102, subsection I, states that adults must keep firearms unloaded and under their control in the vehicle in the school parking lots. 

If an adult does not attend the vehicle, they must lock it and keep the firearm out of sight.

Guidance from the Arizona Department of Education:

The Arizona Department of Education plays a crucial role in promoting school safety. It provides comprehensive guidance to schools on implementing effective safety measures, such as developing emergency response plans tailored to individual campuses, ensuring the presence of trained school resource officers, and establishing threat assessment teams to identify and address potential risks within the school environment.

The relationship between gun laws and school safety measures is complex and demands careful consideration. Arizona has implemented various laws and regulations to promote school safety while adhering to federal guidelines. 

The state’s commitment to establishing comprehensive safety policies to ensure the well-being of students and staff. 

By continuously evaluating and enhancing school safety measures, Arizona can strive to create a safe and secure educational environment for its students and educators.

Navigating Arizona Gun Laws: Tips and Resources

Understanding and complying with gun laws is essential for gun owners in Arizona. It’s crucial to have practical guidance and access to reliable resources to navigate the intricacies of these laws effectively. 

Following are some valuable tips and essential resources to help individuals understand and comply with Arizona’s gun laws.

Arizona Department of Public Safety (D.P.S.) Website: 

The Arizona Department of Public Safety (D.P.S.) website has information on concealed weapons permits. It is a reliable source of information about concealed handgun licenses in Arizona. Visit the website for detailed information on the application process, eligibility requirements, and state concealed carry regulations.

City of Phoenix Website: 

The City of Phoenix website is an additional resource that offers information about Arizona’s weapons and firearms laws. 

The website provides comprehensive information on local regulations, permits, and restrictions within the city. Refer to this resource to understand any specific requirements or provisions applicable to firearms in Phoenix.

Cronkite News: 

Cronkite News, a reputable news outlet, features an article specifically focused on open-carry gun laws in Arizona

Access this informative article to gain insights into the regulations surrounding open carry and its rights and responsibilities. Stay informed about open-carry laws to ensure compliance and understanding.

Online Forums: 

Engaging with online forums dedicated to firearms discussions can provide opportunities to ask questions, share experiences, and gain insights from fellow gun owners

The Arizona Gun Owners Forum, Arizona Shooting Forum, and Southwest Firearms Forum are popular platforms where you can connect with a community of individuals knowledgeable about firearm carrying in Arizona. 

Participate in discussions, ask questions, and seek advice from experienced forum members.

When it comes to navigating Arizona’s gun laws, it is crucial to access reliable resources and engage with scholarly communities. 

The Sorenson Law Firm, a reputable legal resource, can provide valuable information and guidance in this area. By utilizing these resources, you can stay well-informed, comprehend your rights and responsibilities, and responsibly navigate the complexities of Arizona’s gun laws.


In Summary, Arizona gun owners, potential buyers, and activists must know and follow the state’s gun laws. Individuals can responsibly navigate Arizona’s gun restrictions and contribute to a safer community by learning the laws. It’s crucial to stay informed, seek legal advice, and advocate responsible gun ownership to comply with regulations and protect everyone’s safety.


Are there any restrictions on specific types of firearms in Arizona? 

Federal law regulates certain categories of firearms, such as fully automatic weapons, under the National Firearms Act (NFA), even though Arizona generally has fewer restrictions on firearms. Additionally, the law prohibits individuals with felony convictions or certain mental health conditions from possessing firearms.

What are the penalties for violating Arizona gun laws? 

Violations of Arizona gun regulations can have serious penalties. Penalties may include fines, jail, and the loss of weapon privileges, depending on the individual offense. Penalties vary in severity depending on criteria such as the nature of the violation, prior criminal history, and other relevant conditions. Understanding and following the state’s firearms rules is critical for avoiding legal problems.

Do I need a concealed firearm permit in Arizona? 

No, Arizona is a constitutional carry state, meaning that individuals at least 21 years old and legally allowed to own a firearm can carry a concealed firearm without a permit. However, obtaining a concealed carry permit, also known as a Concealed Weapons Permit (C.W.P.), may be beneficial when traveling to other states that recognize Arizona’s permit.

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