Expert understanding into Arizona Gun Laws

Arizona Gun Laws

Arizona, the southwestern region of the United States, is known for its unique stance on gun ownership and control. The state has established a reputation as one of the most permissive in terms of gun rights, often garnering attention and sparking debates among proponents and opponents of gun control measures. Arizona’s gun laws reflect a commitment to preserving individual Second Amendment rights and promoting a culture of firearm ownership.


In Arizona, the state and the U.S. The Constitution protects the right to bear arms. The state’s constitution explicitly affirms the “right of individuals to bear arms in defense of themselves and the state,” emphasizing the importance of self-defense and personal security. This strong affirmation of individual rights has influenced the development of Arizona’s gun laws.

Overview of Arizona Gun Laws


One significant aspect of Arizona gun laws is its status as a “constitutional carry” state. It means that individuals who are legally eligible to possess firearms can carry them openly or concealed without a permit. This provision grants Arizonans considerable freedom in carrying firearms for self-defense purposes.


Arizona also has “preemption laws” in place, which means that local jurisdictions are prohibited from enacting their own firearm regulations or restrictions. Its purpose is to ensure consistency in state gun laws and prevent a patchwork of conflicting regulations.

Carry Options Regarding Gun Law:

Regarding carry options, Arizona allows both open carry and concealed carry. Individuals who carry firearms openly must be at least 18 years old and not prohibited from possessing firearms. Concealed carry is also permitted without a permit for individuals who are at least 21 years old and meet the eligibility criteria.

Open Carry in Arizona: 

Open carry in Arizona refers to the act of carrying a firearm in a visible manner, openly displayed and not concealed from view. In Arizona, individuals who are legally eligible to possess a firearm can openly carry a firearm without a permit. As long as you are at least 18 years old and meet the eligibility requirements, you can carry a firearm openly in public places, such as on your hip in a holster, without the need to conceal it.

Concealed Carry in Arizona: 

Concealed carry, as the name suggests, involves carrying a firearm in a concealed manner not to be readily visible to others. In states that permit concealed carry, individuals can carry firearms but must keep them hidden from plain sight, often achieved by carrying the firearm in a concealed holster, under clothing, or in a bag or purse.

Stand Your Ground Laws

Arizona has adopted stand-your-ground laws that prioritize self-defense. These laws eliminate the obligation to retreat in specific circumstances, enabling individuals to employ lethal force if they reasonably perceive an immediate threat of severe bodily harm or death. By emphasizing the right to safeguard oneself and one’s property, stand-your-ground laws affirm the freedom from needing to retreat before taking necessary action in self-defense.

Prohibition from Possessing Firearms:

It is crucial to note that while Arizona maintains a permissive approach to gun ownership, certain restrictions and regulations exist. For example, individuals with certain criminal convictions, restraining orders, or a history of mental illness are prohibited from possessing firearms. Furthermore, certain locations, such as schools, polling places, and government buildings, are designated as gun-free zones. 


Consulting legal experts and organizations such as the Arizona State Rifle and Pistol Association provides valuable insights into the nuances and interpretations of Arizona’s gun laws and any legislation updates or changes. The Arizona State Rifle and Pistol Association (ASRPA) is an organization that promotes firearm education and responsible gun ownership. They offer resources and training programs to help individuals understand Arizona’s gun laws.

Legal experts specializing in firearms law guide newcomers, ensuring compliance with regulations and fostering responsible gun ownership practices.

Arizona Gun Laws
Different guns and revolvers on shelves store weapons on shop center.

Categories of Firearms Regulated in Arizona

Arizona has specific regulations regarding different categories of firearms. Understanding these categories is important for individuals residing in or visiting the state to ensure compliance with Arizona’s firearms laws. 


Handguns, also known as pistols or revolvers, are firearms designed to be held and operated with one hand. In Arizona, handguns are subject to certain regulations, such as age restrictions for possession and carrying, restrictions on carrying in certain locations, and requirements for background checks during the purchase process.

Long Guns: 

Long guns generally refer to firearms with longer barrels, such as rifles and shotguns. In Arizona, long guns are subject to less stringent regulations than handguns. However, individuals must still comply with age restrictions for purchase and possession, restrictions on carrying in certain locations, and federal laws regarding the sale of long guns.

Assault Weapons: 

Arizona does not have specific state-level regulations defining or prohibiting assault weapons. To date there are no specific restrictions on the possession, sale, or transfer of assault weapons in Arizona. However, it is crucial to stay updated on any potential changes in the law or federal regulations regarding assault weapons.

Prohibited Firearms: 

While Arizona generally has a permissive approach to firearms, certain firearms are prohibited under state and federal laws. These include firearms with specific characteristics, such as fully automatic machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, and short-barreled rifles, which require compliance with the National Firearms Act (NFA). Additionally, individuals with certain criminal convictions or mental health conditions may be prohibited from possessing firearms.

NFA Items: 

National Firearms Act (NFA) items include firearms falling under specific classifications, such as machine guns, suppressors (silencers), short-barreled rifles, short-barreled shotguns, and destructive devices. Owning and transferring NFA items require strict compliance with federal regulations, including the payment of taxes and obtaining the necessary approvals and permits 

from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF).

Obtaining and Carrying Firearms in Arizona

Acquiring and carrying firearms in Arizona involves specific procedures and requirements. Familiarizing oneself with these processes is essential for individuals interested in legally obtaining and carrying firearms within the state. 

Age Restrictions: 

In Arizona, individuals must meet certain age requirements to purchase or possess firearms. The minimum age to own a handgun is generally 21 years old. For long guns, including rifles and shotguns, the minimum age is typically 18 years old. These age restrictions help regulate the legal acquisition and possession of firearms.

Background Checks: 

Arizona law requires federally licensed firearms dealers to conduct a background check on individuals purchasing firearms from their establishments. This check involves submitting the purchaser’s information to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) through the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS). The background check aims to determine the buyer’s eligibility to possess firearms based on federal and state law.

Waiting Periods: 

Arizona does not impose mandatory waiting periods for firearm purchases. Once the background check is completed and approved, individuals can take possession of the firearm immediately. However, it’s essential to note that waiting periods may apply in certain situations, such as if the background check reveals the need for further investigation or if the purchase involves a privately-owned firearm.

Constitutional and Concealed Carry Permit:

Arizona is a “constitutional carry” state, allowing individuals to legally possess a firearm and carry it openly or concealed without a permit. Obtaining a concealed carry permit can be beneficial for reciprocity purposes when traveling to other states that recognize Arizona permits. The Arizona Department of Public Safety oversees the issuance of concealed carry permits, which require individuals to meet certain eligibility criteria, such as age, residency, and completion of a firearms safety training course.

Reciprocity Agreements: 

Arizona has reciprocity agreements with several other states regarding concealed carry permits. These agreements allow individuals with valid Arizona permits to carry concealed firearms in those states and vice versa. 


It is important to note that firearm laws can evolve and change over time. Therefore, it is crucial to know the specific reciprocity agreements in place and understand each state’s applicable laws and requirements before carrying a concealed firearm. For this purpose, always consult official sources, such as the Arizona Department of Public Safety, and seek guidance from legal professionals or concealed carry instructors to ensure up-to-date information regarding the procedures for obtaining and carrying firearms in Arizona.


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